Vitamins and micronutrients Reference sheet


Vitamin A

Main Fat-Soluble Retinoid. Functions- Immune System Maintenance, Helps Vision, Maintains healthy skin, Antioxidant. Can helps with Psoriasis.

Vitamin D

Fat soluble vitamin is not naturally present in very few foods, supplement is inert and need to undergo transformation and hydroxylation’s in the body, performed by both the liver and kidney, Sun exposure and ultraviolet light exposure triggers this synthesis. Needed in adequate amount to control the bodies calcium and phosphate levels. Needed for bone growth together with calcium protects against osteoporosis. Functions, bone and tissue health, modulation of cell growth, immune system maintenance, tooth development.

Vitamin E

Antioxidant, Immune system maintenance, Prevention of Heart disease, Protects Eyesight

Collective name for a group of fat-soluble compounds with distinctive anti-oxidant activities

Absorbed in the small intestine. Reduces the formation of Reactive Oxygen Species when fat undergoes oxidation. Helps cell expression. Deficiency in gastric disorders Crohns, or Cystic Fibrosis, peripheral neuropathy, retinopathy, skeletal myopathy. Inhibits LDL oxidation possibly preventing heart disease and thromboembolism. Protects prostate cancer in smokers. Blocks nitrosamines that cause cancer from nitrates in food.


Function - Cell division, the healing of wounds, removing ammonia from the body, immune function, and the release of hormones from the body. Boosts growth hormone release, IV infusion reduces blood pressure in hypertensive patients.


Functions - Immune system maintenance, Tooth and gum health, maintains healthy skin, and is an Antioxidant.

Humans cannot synthesize Vitamin C, which is poorly absorbed through the stomach. Currently Intravenous Vitamin C infusions have shown to be playing a miraculous roll in the treatment of septic patients in the hospital setting, and has repeatedly restored homeostasis, bringing back b/p, reducing tachycardia, and restoring kidney function in septic patients when their immune system had been overwhelmed by bacterial infection.


Functions - Energy Production, Psychological Functions, metabolize sugar and fat, Strengthen Immune system.

B1- Thiamin

Essential cofactor for 5 enzymes involved in sugar, amino acid and lipid metabolism. Plays critical role in energy metabolism and therefore in growth and development and function of cells.


Essential component for 2 major co-enzymes FMN and FAD which have major roles in energy production, cellular function, growth, development and the metabolism of fat, drugs, and steroids. FAD is needed for the body to synthesize other B-vitamins.

At risk Vegetarian Athletes, Pregnant ladies, Vegans, Lactose intolerant.

Can help to reduce migraine attacks.


Active forms a NAD and NADP+ both function as numerous dehydrogenases. Can be derived from tryptophan but is inefficient.

Medication Isoniazid leads to deficiency. Skin flushing side effect. Can increase Blood sugar depletes glycogen from the liver

B5 Pantothenic Acid

Plays role in the breakdown of fats and carbohydrates for energy. Critical is the manufacture of red blood cells, plays role in both sex and stress-related hormones produced by the adrenal glands. Maintains a healthy GI tract. Assists in the usage of other vitamins, especially riboflavin, Anti-stress vitamin, Plays role in Cholesterol synthesis. Increase in insulin sensitivity and healing of diabetic foot ulcers.

B6 Pyridoxine

Functions - Co-factor in all of the enzymes that carry out transamination reactions required for the synthesis and breakdown of amino acids. Is considered a pharmaceutical as it is the active ingredient for drug in prevention of diabetic neuropathy. Synthesis of Dopamine, Serotonin, Norepinephrine, epinephrine, and GABA, Heme, Methionine and systein metabolism. Conversion of tryptophan to niacin, and Glycogen homeostasis.

B12 methyl cobalamin

ADMINISTERED BOTH INTRAVENOUS PER CERTAIN INFUSIONS AND AS INTRAMUSCULAR BOOSTER SHOT- Functions- Important vitamin in maintaining healthy nerve cells, the production of healthy DNA and RNA, which when combined with B9 helps the body produce SAMe which is why B12 shot are often associated with increased energy levels and enhanced mood.


Is the most abundant mineral in the body, and is required for vascular contraction and vasodilation, muscle function and nerve transmission, intracellular signaling, and hormonal secretion. Calcium is an essential micronutrient need for these critical metabolic functions. Needed for bone health.


Helps in moving blood sugar into the cells, metabolizing fats into carbohydrates, and metabolizing protein into energy.


Essential trace mineral found in every cell of the body, plays role in maintaining Nerve Cells, Immune system and red blood cell production.


Is concentrated in the muscles when they are working, prevents complications of diabetes, such as nerve damage, eye disorders(cataracts) and kidney problems. It also appears to interfere with certain chemicals that may play a role in the aging process.


Found in every cell of the body, plays a critical role in the production of energy, transports long chain fatty acids into the cell mitochondria to be oxidized(burned) for energy.

Helps memory in both young and old adults. Increases walking distance in patient with claudication in studies. Studies show decrease in nerve pain in both type I & II.


Boosts muscle energy and athletic performance. Treat chronic fatigue, and coronary arterial disease.


Essential amino acid helps body to metabolize fat and absorb calcium. Functions to helps restore connective tissue including the skin. Most needed by Athletes and Vegans.


  • Master Anti-Oxidant in each cell

  • Master Anti-inflammatory in each cell

  • Master Detoxifier inside each cell

  • Primary detoxifier of heavy metals

  • Chelator

  • Transforms hemoglobin into its reduced form so it can accept oxygen and carry it into the cell

This tripeptide composed of glutamic acid, glycine, and cysteine. Is found in every cell in the human body. The active form “GSH” is a substrate for enzymes maintaining proper oxidation-reduction potential inside cells. Performs stage II detoxification in the liver, lowering level of fat causing hormones and inflammation causing prostaglandins. Regulates the cell cycle. DNA and protein synthesis and proteolysis, and gene expression. Protects the thyroid cells from self-generated hydrogen peroxide.

  • Major protector of the Mitochondrial DNA (power house of the cell)

  • Major protector of the Nucleus and DNA of the cell

  • Major protector of immune cell and immune system

  • Cardiovascular system enhancer

  • On antioxidant that can recycle itself

  • First line of protection against environmental chemicals and toxins

  • Glutathione levels decrease every year, starting at the age of 30 years.

Magnesium Chloride

Abundant Cation in the body, has inter-dependent effect on the bodies ability to increase Calcium levels. Has the ability to relax the smooth muscle of the diaphragm thwarting asthma exacerbations. Often deficient in population suffering from migraines.

Manganese Chloride

 Functions contributes to healthy bone structures, co-enzymes that help with the absorbsion of calcium, proper functioning of thyroid and sex hormone production. Blood sugar levels, and metabolism of fats and sugars. Powerful anti-oxidant used by the body to neutralize free radicals. Import for normal brain and nervous system functioning.


 Functions in the body as a detoxifying agent by binding to toxins in the liver, the amino acid is used in hospitals for treating Tylenol poisoning and other types of poison ingestion. It has the ability to treat and manage heart, lung, kidney, seizure, disease and prevent alcoholic liver damage.


 Is a trace element nutritionally essential to humans, Constituent of more than 2 dozen Selenoprotiens that play critical roles in reproduction, thyroid hormone metabolism, DNA synthesis, and protection from oxidative damage.


Most abundant Sulphur containing amino-acid, Functions- Bile salt formation and fat absorbsion, maintains homeostasis of intracellular Sodium and Calcium, and neurotransmitter balance. Helps to decrease depression and fatigue. Protects visual function in diabetics. Low levels often found in vegans.

Zinc Chloride

Second most abundant trace mineral in the body, co-factor in over 300 different enzymes, has a beneficial interaction with insulin. Plays role in promoting wound healing, DNA synthesis, hearing and taste.


A hypotonic liquid used as medium to transport and deliver vitamins and micronutrients into the bloodstream.


An isotonic solution of salt and water, used to hydrate and used as medium to transport and deliver vitamins and micronutrients into the bloodstream.


(FOR HANGOVER DRIP or other physician ordered indications)


(NSAID) GIVEN INTRAVENOUSLY OVER 1MINUTE. Anti-inflammatory pain reliever given Intravenously which inhibits the bodily synthesis of the prostaglandins, which leads to decreased formation of precursors of prostaglandins and thromboxane’s from arachidonic acid


GIVEN INTRAVENOUS PUSH OVER 1 MINUTE- prevents nausea and vomiting, Ondansetron is in a class of medications called serotonin 5-HT3 receptor antagonists. It works by blocking the action of serotonin, a natural substance that may cause nausea and vomiting.

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